Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is a martial art that emphasizes grappling techniques utilizing submission holds involving joint-locks and chokeholds. BJJ permits a wide variety of techniques to take an attacker to the ground. Once the opponent is on the ground, a number of maneuvers and counter-maneuvers are available to manipulate the opponent into a suitable position for the application of a submission technique. Achieving a dominant position on the ground is one of the hallmarks of the BJJ style, and includes effective use of the guard position to defend oneself from bottom, and passing the guard to dominate from top position with side control, mount, and back mount positions. This system of maneuvering and manipulation can be likened to a form of kinetic chess when utilized by two experienced practitioners. A submission hold is the equivalent of checkmate in the sport, reflecting a disadvantage which would be extremely difficult to overcome in a fight (such as a dislocated joint or unconsciousness).
Training in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu focuses on submissions without the use of strikes. This form of training allows practitioners to spar at full speed and with full power, resembling the effort used in a real competition. Training methods include technique drills in which techniques are practiced against a non-resisting partner; isolation sparring, commonly referred to as positional drilling, where only a certain technique or sets of techniques are used, and full sparring in which each opponent tries to submit their opponent using any legal technique. Physical conditioning is also an important part of training.
Benefits of training
In addition to being a very effective combat sport and self-defense method, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu also offers its disciplined practitioners a variety of health benefits. It is an art that is extremely rigorous and difficult to master, and through this arduous process martial artists can expect to gain significant physical and mental benefits.
There is perhaps no other form of combative training that can refine a person's mental faculties like martial arts can. Spiritual fulfillment is one of the hallmarks of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and is integral in helping a practitioner be in control of several extreme emotions like fear, anger and anxiety. A person that learns to handle the emotional rigors of competition is well-equipped to handle the stresses of everyday life. You can be the best in your training program but you won't last two seconds in a tournament if you don't have your wits about you. If you are not capable of pushing through a tough situation, you are going to have trouble performing the way you were trained to. This mental toughness carries over into all walks of life.
The first health benefit a Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu practitioner can expect to gain is increased stamina. This is because of the long duration of the physical demands of practice. The average class length ranges anywhere from one to two hours. This is not idle time, this is time spent in motion, going through calisthenics, technique and sparring. Even the most fit individuals can expect to feel depleted by the end of a session. Over time and with consistent attendance to regular classes you will gain the ability to complete these grueling sessions feeling more composed and prepared.
The second health benefit you can expect to receive from practicing Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is to see greatly increased strength. Almost every class will incorporate some type of strength training or sparring. Sparring is when two students go over the live application of techniques in free motion. Strength is essential in order to apply the techniques. Also, the practitioner will develop more flexibility, endurance, isometric strength and explosion.
There are literally an infinite amount of techniques and positions in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. Expect to have your memory worked to its very limits. An arm bar, for example, is just one movement but there are hundreds of ways and angles with which to apply this attack.
Patience is perhaps the most important benefits of practicing this art. This sport takes a lifetime to master, and even those who have achieved technical mastery will still face occasional defeat in competition or in the academy. It requires one to set aside the ego, and look for honest improvement and growth- no easy task.
Benefits of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu for Children
Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu focuses on self-defense and building a martial art that aims at enhancing the mental and physical harmony of the practitioner. These techniques can be of special help to children. Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu for children can help them evolve into better individuals.
Many children face the problem of being bullied and are vulnerable to various anti-social elements. Since Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is designed to work against opponents, even when they are larger and stronger it is well suited for a child's self-defense. It also can be a relatively gentle form of submission, making it possible to stop the bully without seriously hurting the bully. Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu training helps a child develop self-discipline and self-worth. Through competition, children will form friendships, and learn to manage emotions well beyond that of their peers. Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu also teaches the practitioner to respect one's opponent. This helps in controlling tendencies like bad mouthing, foul language and unethical practices in a child. The child learns to treat everyone with respect and patience. Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu requires the practitioners to follow a set of ethics. This helps a child in building relationships with his peers and elders.
Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu can be a good way to balance a child's life- parents work to find physical activities to counter the many digital ones children have. Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu can be an interesting way for the child to stay fit while spending time with friends and learning a skill that will enhance his or her entire life.
Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu as self-defense
Since Jiu-Jitsu allows a small and weak person to submit bigger opponents with the use of proper techniques, especially when the aggressor has no ground fighting knowledge, its use as a self defense system has increased over the last years. It's effectiveness has caused it to be recognized and incorporated into a variety of programs, from top military special forces to women's self-defense. In mixed martial arts, proficiency in grappling and ground fighting has become a prerequisite, and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu remains one of the most dominant martial arts in MMA.